Different Types of Bathroom Layouts – Forbes Home

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We spend a lot of time in our bathrooms, and this focal point can make or break the overall functionality and aesthetic of a home. Whether you’re looking to renovate an existing bathroom, build from the ground up, or need to brush up on the different types of bathroom layouts that are widely found in homes, we’ve got you covered.

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Parts of a Bathroom

Typically, there are several components to a bathroom—sink, shower, tub and toilet—and the ability to which a space is able to accommodate these various elements ultimately determines the bathroom layout.

A full bathroom houses all four components into the space. Bathrooms with three components are called three-quarter bathrooms. Half bathrooms have two of the four components. The smallest bathroom design is a quarter bathroom, and the term primary bathroom is also one that you should know.

The overall aesthetic and function of a bathroom can be enhanced with the addition of a few bathroom accessories such as:

  • Mirror
  • Towel bar
  • Bench
  • Storage cabinets
  • Shelving and art

Bathrooms are ideally located to the north of the house and attempt to take advantage of natural light and ventilation. Because of the humidity and dampness that can be found in most bathrooms, it’s best to be mindful of the materials selected for the floor and surfaces—materials that are slip-resistant as well as mold- and mildew-resistant are ideal.

Below, learn more about the nine types of bathroom layouts.

Full Bathroom

Full bathrooms can be either center or side layouts. Side layouts are designed with the sink, toilet, tub or shower all installed along one wall of the bathroom.

Full bathrooms with a center layout feature components on two walls—the toilet and sink paired together on one wall, and the tub or shower in place along another. Central full baths typically have a center so that you can access all of the bathroom’s components with ease.

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Three-Quarter Bathroom

A three-quarter bath typically offers some type of storage, possibly a few strategically placed storage shelves, and although still widely considered to be on the small side, is known to include a sink or vanity, a toilet and a shower.

Half Bathroom

Half bathrooms are sometimes also called utility bathrooms or powder rooms and typically include a sink and toilet. Depending on where these two fixtures are positioned in the space, you might be looking for a space with either a linear, single wall or split design plan.

Quarter Bathroom

These bathrooms, often called utility closets or utility showers, typically only hold one bathroom component, either a shower stall or a toilet. Quarter bathrooms exist in most instances as additions to the lower level of a property and allow someone to attend to their personal hygiene without entrance to the entire home.

Master Bathroom

The master bathroom is typically the biggest and most private bathroom in a particular residence and sometimes can be found attached to the master bedroom as sort of an en suite design. One might also see this bathroom referred to as the primary bathroom.

Primary bathrooms can pull out all the stops with a master bathroom and design it to one’s liking for maximum relaxation, with the following optional elements:

  • Sauna or steam shower
  • Double vanities with sinks and a mirror
  • Whirlpool tub with soothing jets
  • Linen storage
  • Semi-enclosed toilet for maximum privacy

Jack-and-Jill Bathroom

This type of bathroom is positioned between two bedrooms and has two doors through which it can be entered from either bedroom. These bathrooms can feature one or two sinks, and include a tub or shower and a toilet.

Split/Split Entry Bathroom

Split bathrooms compartmentalize the entry area and main or primary sink in one distinct area of the bathroom, with the toilet and bathtub being encased in another area of the bathroom.

Split bathrooms are ideal in situations where the bathroom has to be shared by more than one person, as it mimics the feel of two separate bathrooms since one person could use the sink area while another simultaneously occupies the toilet and tub area.

Corner Shower Bathroom

Corner shower bathrooms are typically seen as shower rooms or as part of a guest room. They feature a shower stall that can either be placed in the corner for the best use of space or in the center of the space if you aren’t tight on room.

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Accessible Residential Bathroom

These types of bathrooms are designed for wheelchair users and are typically larger in size because they are required to have sufficiently clear floor space so that a wheelchair is able to perform a complete turn. The doors of these bathrooms have a minimum required width and are not allowed to swing into the room’s free floor space.

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